Skip to Main Content

History of Pediatrics: Pediatrics in Durham and North Carolina

This guide is an overview of the Rubenstein Library's collections documenting the rich history of pediatrics.

Searching the catalog

These links are sample searches in the Duke Libraries catalog based on library subject headings related to the history of pediatrics in North Carolina, generally, and Durham, specifically. You can limit by location to "Rubenstein Library" to focus on historical sources. 

Print Material

This book consists of twelve lectures, including about the feeding and diet of infants.

A textbook from the first Department of Pediatrics chairman at Duke and first dean of the medical school at Duke University School of Medicine.

Manuscript Collections

Early female graduate of Duke University School of Medicine (M.D., 1946) and pediatrician in private practice in Durham Co., N.C., 1949-1987. The collection includes Webb's 1941 doctoral thesis and other school records (1925-1933); as well as binders and scrapbooks compiled by Webb detailing her youth and schooling, private practice and hospital career, international trips, Durham history, chiefly in community medicine and governance, and various ancestors and relatives.

Physician and professor of community and family medicine. Correspondence, speeches, writings, clippings, photographs and printed materials related to Salber's extensive carer in the community health field. Particularly highlighted is her research concerning smoking in school children and the elderly in rural communities and her positions with the Martha Eliot Center in Boston and the Duke University Medical Center. Also included are background materials (tapes, transcripts, and photographs) for her two books The Mind is Not the Heart and Don't Send Me Flowers When I'm Dead (1983).

Oral Histories

Scope and content: Includes 1 oral history interview with Dr. Robert (Bob) P. Drucker conducted on April 22, 2022 by Josephine McRobbie. In the April 22, 2022 interview, Drucker discusses his background, work as an advisory dean, the impact of COVID-19 on medical education, and his experiences working in pediatrics and pediatric infectious diseases. The themes of these interviews include pediatrics, medical education, and careers in medicine.

Scope and content: Includes 1 oral history interview with Dr. Howard C. Filston conducted on October 5, 2019 by Dr. Justin Barr as part of the Dr. David Sabiston Oral History Project. In the October 5, 2019 interview, Filston discusses his early life; education; his decision to become a doctor; the field of pediatric surgery; working with his mentor, Dr. Robert (Bob) Izant; his fellowship with Dr. C. Everett Koop and helping establish the first surgical neonatal intensive care unit in the country; being recruited by Sabiston to come to Duke to as the first trained pediatric surgeon in an academic center in North Carolina.

Duke Medical Center Archives

Sherwood dedicated her professional life to Duke, having been recruited by the first School of Medicine Dean Wilburt C. Davison to be pediatrics supervisor at Duke University Hospital when it opened in 1930. She also was an instructor in the Department of Pediatrics, teaching medical and nursing students about patient care. She remained at Duke until her retirement in 1960. From July 1952 from August 1955, Sherwood served as the supervisor of nursing services for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) in Hiroshima, Japan, which studied the effects of radiation on atomic-bomb survivors.

Dr. Falletta is Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics and Emeritus Senior Chair of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the School of Medicine. In the oral history, Dr. Falletta discusses some of his notable achievements, including conducting a study that established the effectiveness of penicillin in preventing complications of pediatric sickle cell anemia; helping establish Ronald McDonald House in Durham in 1980, which provides services to children being treated at Duke (and their families); and leading efforts to reform and accredit the IRB in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Dr. Samuel L. Katz was a world-renowned pediatrician and virologist. He joined the Duke University School of Medicine faculty as chair of pediatrics in 1968 and led the department until 1990. Throughout his career, Katz traveled to Central America, South America, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan nations to advocate for the use of the measles and other vaccines to protect all infants and children. In addition to his work on measles, Katz was involved in studies of many other pathogens and infectious diseases, including vaccinia, polio, rubella, influenza, pertussis, HIV, and Haemophilus influenzae b conjugates, including clinical studies of HIV-infected infants and children and clinical evaluation of viral vaccines.