Following the end of the Civil War in 1865, freed African Americans in North Carolina began to settle into an enclave sandwiched between Wake and Orange Counties affectionately called Hayti (pronounced Hay-tie). Even after it became of the incorporated into the city of Durham, Hayti served as a beacon where black owned businesses thrived and developed it's own "Black Wall Street" as the nineteenth century transitioned to the twentieth century. The African American community proved a shining example of social, economical, educational, and cultural prominence in the Jim Crow New South. With the emergence of the modern Civil Rights Movement in the mid-20th century, Durham was also a home of activism and advocacy for social justice and equality.
Inside the this lesson you will explore primary sources from the Rubenstein Library's collections that document black life under Jim Crow and desegregation in Durham, NC.
Durham was one of the great hubs of commerce for African Americans in the United States during the early and mid-twentieth century. But even with the great economic accomplishments, the African American community could not escape the overbearing shadow of the Jim Crow South. This module is designed to provide a glimpse into the process and protest of desegregating Durham, NC. Users will:
What are some of the differences in your research experience using a written source versus an audio source?
How does the Durham story confirm or counter what you already know about the Civil Rights Movement?
What can you learn by analyzing desegregation on a local context?
This activity can work for a synchronous (e.g., a Zoom/Google meet class session that includes breakout rooms) or asynchronous (e.g., a multi-step discussion on a Sakai/Blackboard forum) class sessions.