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Eastern Christian Spirituality: Ethiopic

Ethiopian Madonna

(Ms. 3 Weddasé Māryām, Anqaṣa Berhān, Yewédeswā Malā’ekt, Mālk’ā Māryām, Malek’ā Eyasus, circa 1875)

[Note that the Book of the Miracles of Mary (Ta'amra Maryam) was written in 1766 and translated from the French into Arabic is housed in the Royal Library, Windsor Castle.]


Ethopian Christian texts were translated from the Greek between the fifth and seventh centuries.  Liturgical hymns, acts of the martyrs, apocryphal texts and founders biographies contain Ethioptic spiritual teachings and support the tradition of scripture.    

Reference Resources

An Annotated and Classified Bibliography of English Literature Pertaining to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, John Bonk (ATLA Bibliography Series)

Historical Dictionary of the Orthodox Church, Michael Prokurat

The Book of the Saints of the Ethiopian Church, Budge, E.A. Wallis

Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, edited by Siegbert Uhlig

Eastern Christianity, edited by Michael Angold (Cambridge history of Christianity)

Eastern Christianity in the modern Middle East, edited by Anthony O'Mahony and Emma Loosley


Art of Ethiopia, SAM FOGG, Medieval Art, Islamic and Indian Art

Art that Heals: The Image as Medicine in Ethiopia, Jacques Mercier

African Zion:  The Sacred Art of Ethiopia, Marilyn Eiseman Heldman