Statistical Science does not follow one particular citation style format. Be sure to ask your instructor which style they prefer you use in class.
The three most common citation styles used in academia are APA, MLA, and Chicago. See the Citing Sources guide below for detailed information on these different styles.
Citation tools allow you to save and organize your research. They also let you create formatted bibliographies in Word.
Downloadable as a standalone program from OIT, EndNote is a powerful citation tool for organizing your research and creating formatted citations. In addition to the standalone option, you can create an EndNote Web account.
This feature will look for and then download full-text pdfs of articles in your references. You will have to authenticate with your NetID so that EndNote knows which journals you have access to through Duke Libraries.
Downloadable as a standalone program or a Firefox extension, Zotero is designed to store content in any format, including PDFs, images, audio and video files, and snapshots of web pages. Zotero operates with thousands of sites, and automatically indexes your library for ease of access. Zotero is open access (free!).
Free PDF and reference manager. Read, annotate, organize, and collaborate on research projects with others using Mendeley.
Data and statistics require citations for the same reasons journal articles and other types of publications require citations: to acknowledge the original author/producer and to help other researchers find the resource.
A data set citation includes all of the same components as any other citation:
Unfortunately, standards for the citation of data are not uniformly agreed upon and have yet to be codified by the National Information Standards Organization (an organization that sets technical standards for other bibliographic materials). However, many data providers and distributors and some style manuals do provide guidelines. Some of these instructions are listed on this guide.
Be sure to follow the general citation format for the style manual your professor has asked you to use. It is always better to provide more information about a resource rather than less!