When Frank Clyde Brown died in 1943, his colleagues in folk collecting mourned their loss and questioned the future of Brown's by-then very large collection of recordings, transcripts, and notes, a significant portion of which had been given to Brown by fellow collectors. Although proposed, promised, and labored over since the early days of the North Carolina Folklore Society, a volume on the folkways of the state had yet to appear, and Brown's possession of the source material was both a help and hindrance, for, while keeping this folk trove in a central place, even Brown admitted he was a completist who would rather collect than edit, and he was always on the trail of the next Child ballad that he could document appearing in North Carolina (in the end he logged 50). Upon Brown's death the task of editing the material into digestible form fell to Newman Ivey White, Brown's colleague in the Duke department of English, a renowned Shelley scholar, and a North Carolina native with a keen interest in his home state's folklife. He and a team of subject specialist/assistant editors sifted and classified an estimated 38,000 songs, stories, folkways, and games. White died in 1948 having accomplished much, defining broad categories for the multi-volume work, commissioning Clare Leighton to create woodcut illustrations, and shepherding the first volumes near to the point of publication. The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore was eventually published in seven volumes by Duke University Press between 1952 and 1964.