Most citation styles require you to cite twice: an in-text citation and a reference page.
In-text citations are generally very short. While citation styles differ, most in-text citations contain some or all of the following:
Different citation styles have different requirements for in-text citations. Here are two examples of in-text citations in the MLA style:
While citation styles differ (see "Major Citation Styles" for more), most citations contain the following elements:
Citations for books or book chapters may also include:
Citations for journal articles include:
Different citation styles have different requirements for their reference lists. Here is a sample entry on an MLA Works Cited page: