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LGBT Studies: Reference Sources

Introductory guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) resources at Duke Libraries

LGBTQ Reference Sources

Not sure where to get started? Reference sources can provide general background information (facts, definitions, dates, details), help you focus your topic, give you important factual and statistical information, and references to other sources. Reference materials include almanacs, handbooks, encyclopedias, and dictionaries. This guide includes selected print and online resources, some current and some historical, to help you begin your research. 

Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

These are a few selected titles that are available in our collection. Some are available online, but others are print only. 

Directories

Research Guides & Bibliographies

The books below are a selection of recent and historical titles as a starting point for your research on LGBTQ literature, history, biography, and more.

Biographical Dictionaries