What is an Inter-Governmental Organization?
An Inter-governmental Organization (IGO) is defined as "an organization composed primarily of sovereign states, or of other intergovernmental organizations. IGOs are established by treaty or other agreement that acts as a charter creating the group." (Union of International Organizations website.)
A 'conceptual' definition of an IGO is:
- [IGOs are] entities created with sufficient organizational structure and autonomy to provide formal, ongoing, multilateral processes of decisionmaking between states, along with the capacity to execute the collective will of their members (states).
Volgy, Thomas J. et al. "Identifying Formal Intergovernmental organizations." Journal of Peace Research 45:6 (2008) pp. 849-862
Duke University Libraries hold significant collections of international organizations materials, especially from the United Nations and the European Union. Duke also has a collection of League of Nations documents.
- EUR-Lex: Access to European Union Law
- International Development Organizations Web Archive
- Official Journal of the European Union
- United Nations Official Documents System (UN ODS).
- Yearbook of the United Nations, 1946-2007
- World Health Organization Documentation Archive
- World Health Organization Library & Information Networks (WHOLIS)
IGO Custom Search Engine
The IGO Custom Search Engine searches across hundreds of IGO websites, enabling users to research topics such as human rights, development, environment, education, HIV/AIDS and health from IGOs like the United Nations, World Bank, UN Development Program (UNDP), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), European Union, Organization of American States, the Asian Development Bank and many others.
This Google Custom Search Engine (CSE) is a project of the International Documents Taskforce (IDTF) of the American Library Association (ALA). For more background on this project, including a growing list of IGOs included in the search, please see the IDTF wiki.
- Int'l Debt Statistics
- IEA Statistics
- IFS - see IMF eLibrary
- OECD and IEA Statistics
- OECD Data Lab
- UN comtrade
- UNdata (free)
- World Bank Data (free) Incl. World Development Indicators (WDI) and Global Development Finance (GDF)
- World Development Indicators (WDI Online)
For help with data sets, statistical software, and GIS/digital mapping programs please contact: Data and GIS Services
The Arab League or League of the Arab States is a regional intergovernmental organization of Arab States in the Middle East and North Africa formed in Cairo on March 22, 1945. Seven states formed the League, defining its main goals as to: "draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries."
To find materials in Duke's Libraries about the Arab League, click here.
Nobel Prize for IGO
Recognizing the problem of potential global climate change, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988. It is open to all members of the UN and WMO.