Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Questions to Ask
Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
Who is this written for?
Is the information at an appropriate level?
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
Is the author qualified to write on this topic?
Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
Where does the information come from?
Is the information supported by evidence?
Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
Is the information fact, opinion, or propaganda?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial? Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
When was the information published or posted?
Has the information been revised or updated?
Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
If this is an online source, are the links functional?
Scholarly Journals Vs. Popular Magazines
Note: Advance slides forward and backward with arrows. Click on to expand to full screen.
Review the slides above to learn how to:
Distinguish between a popular and scholarly source
Identify common characteristics of popular and scholarly articles
Understand the concept of the "peer review" editorial process