Comics versus Graphic Novels
Comics and Comic Books are a form of sequential art where a story is portrayed though a use of image panels implying the elapse of time. Comics are nearly always serially issued, i.e., appearing periodically and intended for mass consumption. Graphic novels, while they can be in some cases indistinquishable from comics, adhere more to the art/literature mode seeking to appeal to a discriminating audience with esthetic or political sensibilities.
Oxford Art Online
- Dictionary of Art and the Encyclopedia of Esthetics (and two smaller dictionaries) searchable at once. The major beginning point for art history research.
Oxford Reference Online - Art and Architecture
- group of electronic dictionary sources published by Oxford U Press. Basically short definitions.
Rubenstein Library, Duke University. Guide to Comics and Graphic Novels in the Collection
Surveys, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries
Encyclopedia of comic books and graphic novels. 2 vols.
Santa Barbara, Calif. : Greenwood, c2010.
Lilly Library Reference PN6707 .E49 2010
The world encyclopedia of comics. 4 vols.
Philadelphia : Chelsea House, c1999.
Lilly Library Reference PN6710 .W6 1999
Dictionnaire encyclopédique des héros et auteurs de BD, [i.e., bande dessinée].
Grenoble : Glénat ; [S.l.] : Opera mundi, c1998.
Lilly Library Reference PN6707 .F56 1998
The Encyclopedia of American comics.
New York : Facts on File, c1990.
Lilly Library PN6725 .E64 1990
Critical approaches to comics : theories and methods.
New York : Routledge, 2012.
Lilly Library PN6710 .C75 2012
Comics and sequential art : principles and practices from the legendary cartoonist.
New York : W.W. Norton, 2008.
Lilly and Perkins NC1764 .E47 2008
The art of comics : a philosophical approach.
Chichester, West Sussex ; Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
Lilly Library PN6710 .A86 2012
Comics & ideology.
New York : P. Lang, c2001.
Lilly Library PN6714 .C645 2001 c.1
Comic book nation : the transformation of youth culture in America.
Wright, Bradford W., 1968-Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.
Lilly PN6725 .W74 2001
Seal of approval : the history of the comics code.
Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c1998.
Lilly Library PN6725 .N953 1998