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- When was the information published or posted?
- Has the information been revised or updated?
- Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
- If this is an online source, are the links functional?
- Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
- Who is this written for?
- Is the information at an appropriate level?
- Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
- What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
- Is the author qualified to write on this topic?
- Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
- Where does the information come from?
- Is the information supported by evidence?
- Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
- Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
- Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
- Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
- Is this source created to inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
- Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
- Is the information fact, opinion, or propoganda?
- Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
Scholarly Journals Vs. Popular Magazines
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Review the slides above to learn how to:
- Distinguish between a popular and scholarly source
- Identify common characteristics of popular and scholarly articles
- Understand the concept of the "peer review" editorial process