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Library Orientation for International Students

Avoiding Plagiarism

Library page on plagiarism: http://library.duke.edu/research/plagiarism

"Plagiarism occurs when a student, with intent to deceive or with reckless disregard for proper scholarly procedures, presents any information, ideas or phrasing of another as if they were his/her own and/or does not give appropriate credit to the original source. Proper scholarly procedures require that all quoted material be identified by quotation marks or indentation on the page, and the source of information and ideas, if from another, must be identified and be attributed to that source. Students are responsible for learning proper scholarly procedures."  — excerpted from The Duke Community Standard

Citation Tools

Citation tools allow you to save and organize your research. They also let you create formatted bibliographies.

RefWorks logo

A personal citation library designed to directly import references from multiple databases. In Refworks you can organize and manage your citations, share them with colleagues, and format bibliographies.

Zotero

Downloadable as a standalone program or a Firefox extension, Zotero is designed to store content in any format, including PDFs, images, audio and video files, and snapshots of web pages. Zotero operates with thousands of sites, and automatically indexes your library for ease of access.

Downloadable as a standalone program from OIT, EndNote is a powerful citation tool for organizing your research and creating formatted citations. In addition to the standalone option, you can create an EndNote Web account.

Elements of a Citation

Example MLA Article Citation (Click to Enlarge)

Common elements of an article citation
  • Author
  • Article Title
  • Source Title (Journal, Magazine, or Newspaper)
  • Volume & Issue
  • Date
  • Pages
  • Format: Print or Online (if online, include: database name, access date, and/or DOI)

Example MLA Book Citation (Click to Enlarge)

Common elements of a book citation
  • Author
  • Book Title
  • Publisher Location
  • Publisher
  • Publication Date
  • Format