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MUSIC 318 and 418: Conducting: Getting Started

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Citing Sources

For this class you will be using Chicago Style for your citations.  Examples can be found in the Chicago Style Quick Guide.

Citation management tools, such as RefWorks and Zotero, help you to efficiently gather citations for the sources you use in one place and to generate a bibliography at the end of your project. 

Richard Strauss' Ten Commandments for Conductors




  Ten Golden Rules for the Album of a Young Conductor



1. Remember that you are making music not to amuse yourself, but to delight your audience.

2. You should not perspire when conducting: only the audience should get warm.

3. Conduct Salome and Elektra as if they were Mendelssohn: Fairy Music.

4. Never look encouragingly at the brass, except with a brief glance to give an important cue.

5. But never let the horns and woodwinds out of your sight. If you can hear them at all they are still too strong.

6. If you think that the brass is not blowing hard enough, tone it down another shade or two.

7. It is not enough that you yourself should hear every word the soloist sings. You should know it by heart anyway. The audience must be able to follow without effort. If they do not understand the words they will go to sleep.

8. Always accompany the singer in such a way that he can sing without effort.

9. When you think you have reached the limits of prestissimo, double the pace.

10. If you follow these rules carefully you will, with your fine gifts and your great accomplishments, always be the darling of your listeners.

Subject Guide

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